Lesson Two   (Biu Lesono)

1. New words (Nova Wordos)

  Mondlango

  English

mi 

I

yi 

you (singular)

hi 

He

xi

She

ji 

It

li

he or she

mu

We

yu

you (plural)

hu 

they (the plural of he )

xu 

they (the plural of she)

ju 

they (the plural of it)

lu 

they (the plural of he or she)

 

eduki  to teach       worki  to work      drivi  to drive

edukoro a teacher   workoro  a worker     drivoro a driver 
lerni  to learn     farmo  farm         kiu  who
lernoro  pupil      farmoro  farmer      kio  what


2. Text (Teksto)
Cu yi esan edukoro?   Are you a teacher?

Ne, mi ne esan edukoro. No, I am not a teacher.
Mi lernan Mondlango. Mi esan lernoro.  
I am learning/I learn Mondlango. I am a pupil.
Cu xi esan edukoro?  Is she a teacher?

Yes, xi esan edukoro. Yes, she is a teacher.
Xi edukan Mondlango al mu. She teaches us Mondlango.

Cu tio ci esan yia mapo?  Is this your map?

Yes, ji esan mia mapo. Yes, it is my map.

Cu tio esan yua flagos? Are those your flags?
Ne, ju ne esan mua flagos. Ju esan huas.

No, they aren't our flags, they are theirs.
Kiu xi esan? Xi esan Zhang Hong. Who is she? She is Zhang Hong.

Xi esan mia edukino. She is my teacher.

Kio xi esan? Xi esan Mondlanga edukino. What is she?  She is a teacher of Mondlango.


3. Grammar (Gramatiko)
(1)Possessive adjectives are formed by adding the ending -a to the personal pronouns:

mia = my, yia=your, hia = his, mua = our, hua = their

(2)Possessive pronouns are formed by adding the ending -s to the possessive adjectives:

mias = mine, xias = hers, muas = ours, huas = theirs

(3)Reflexive pronouns: (personal pronoun ) + self:

miself = myself,  yiself=yourself,      hiself = himself
muself = ourselves,  yuself=yourselves,      huself = themselves

(4)Suffix -oro  means person. For example, work - workoro,  lern - lernoro.
(5)Kio yi esan? This question relates to occupation. Kiu yi esan? Here it is to status 
or name.

(6)Suffix -ul- is for male, -in-  for famale.  For example, 
mistulo=mister, mistino=mistress.
 But if needn't indicate sex, you can use the neutral form, for example,

Xi esan drivoro. (She is a driver.)
In Mondlango, we only indicate sex in a word when it refers to a person or an animal.
Thus, objects are neutral: la suno=the sun.

(7)Suffixes  -orulo and -anulo may be simplified as -ulo, for example,

edukulo = edukorulo, cinulo = cinanulo (Chinese man). 
Suffixes  -orino and -anino  may be simplified as -ino, for example,  
edukino = edukorino, cinino = cinanino (Chinese woman).
(8)If necessary, personal pronounces may have the accusative case which is formed 
by adding the ending -m to the pronouns. For example: hi = he, him = him.

4. Dialogues (Dialogos)
Guda morno! Good morning!
Guda vespo! Good evening! 
Guda tago! Good day!
Guda nokto! Good night!

Dankan yi! Thank you!
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