Lesson five (Kwinu Lesono)

1. New words (Nova Wordos)

un  one    siks   six    dek-un   eleven   unu  first    bioblo    double 

bi  two    sep  seven    bidek    twenty   une  firstly   obli   multiply 

tri three   ok   eight   cent hundred    bie   secondly    dividi   divide 

kwar four   nef  nine     mil   Thousand   plus    plus      biono  half 
kwin  five   dek  ten    milion   million  minus   minus   triono   one-third 

2. Text (Teksto)

Kiom esan un plus bi? 
How many is one plus two?

Un plus bi esan tri. (Un ko bi esan tri.)
One plus two is three.  

Kiom esan dek-kwin plus bidek-sep? Kwardek-bi.
How many is fifteen plus twenty seven? Forty-two.
Cu cent minus siksdek-un esan tridek-nev? Yes. Yi pravan. 
Is one hundred minus sixty-one  thirty nine? Yes ,you are right. 

Kiom esan siks obli sep? 
How many is six times seven?

Esan kwardek-bi. It is forty-two. 

Kiom esan dek-bi dividita de tri? 
How many is twelve divided by three? 

Dek-bi dividita de tri esan kwar. 
Twelve divided by three is four. 

Kiom esan kwar dividita de kwin ? 
How many is four divided by five? 

Kwar dividita de kwin esan kwar-kwinonos.
Four divided by five is four-fifths.  

3. Grammar (Gramatiko )

(1) A cardinal number multiplied by another number is written as one word, e.g., tridek: 30;
 but other cardinal numbers are not, e.g., tridek-kwin: 35.

(2) An ordinal number ends in –u, e.g., unu (first), dek-biu (twelfth).

(3) A fraction is formed by adding –on- to a cardinal number, e.g., 
dek-kwinono (one fifteenth), kwar dek-kwinonos (four fifteenths)

(4) Dividita de (divided by). Verb plus  -it- forms  the  past passive 

participle.

4.Dialogues (Dialogos)

Kioma tago esan hodio? What  is the date today? 

Hodio esan oktobro 5-u. Today is October 5th. 

Kiu tago esan hodio? What day is today? 

Hodio esan lundo. (mardo, merkredo, turzdo, frido, saturdo, sundo)

Today is Monday ( Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday).   

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