Lesson 9   Nefu lesono 

1.New words (Nova wordos)

fermi  close     velki wither    gesto guest    dresi  dress

fenetro  window    morti die    eki  begin     dreso clothes

birdo  bird       flugi  fly      preni  take       disdresi undress

2.Text (Teksto)

Hi esan fermonta la fenetro. He will be closing the window.

Hi esan fermanta la fenetro. He is closing the window.

Hi esan ferminta la fenetro. He was closing the window.
Hi esin fermonta la fenetro. He was about to close the window.

Hi esin fermanta la fenetro. He was in the act of closing the window.
Hi esin ferminta la fenetro. He had been closing the window.


Xi eson edukonta nova lesono. She will be about to teach a new lesson. 

Xi eson edukanta nova lesono. She will be teaching a new lesson. 

Xi eson edukinta nova lesono. She will have taught a new lesson.

3.Grammar (Gramatiko) 

The compound tense of a verb consists of the verb "esi" plus its participle.

The participle is a version of a verb and may be used as noun, pronoun and adverb.

There are active and passive participles. 

An active participle is formed by the infinitive verb plus -ont- (future participle),

-ant- (present participle), -int( past participle).

1.Active participle used as pronoun

Active present participle -anta, for example: 
fluganta birdo =a flying bird.

Active past participle Past -inta, for example: 
velkinta floro =a withered flower.

Active Future participle -onta, for example:  
venonta gesto = a guest who will come.

2. Active participle used as noun.

Active present participle -anto, For example:  mortanto = a dying person 

Active past participle -into,  For example: mortinto = a dead person 

Active Future participle -onta, For example: mortonto =a person about to die  

3. Active participle used as adverb 

Active present participle -ante,  For example:

Ekante la lernado, mi esin nur siks-yera.
When starting to learn, I was only six. 

Active past participle -inte,  For example:

Workinte hi disdresin hia workdresos.
After working he took off his work clothes.

 Active Future participle -onte, For example:

Elironte hi prenin un libro.
About to go out, he took a book. 
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